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Recognizing a Header Row when Sorting

Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. If you are using a later version (Excel 2007 or later), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for later versions of Excel, click here: Recognizing a Header Row when Sorting.

There are two ways you can sort information in Excel: using the Sort Ascending and Sort Descending tools on the toolbar or by using the Sort dialog box. Using the toolbar tools allows you to do the sort more quickly, but Excel makes a few assumptions in the process.

First, Excel assumes that you want to sort only by the column of whatever cell you have selected. If you want to perform secondary and tertiary sorts on more than one column (or row), you need to use the Sort dialog box.

The second assumption affects exactly what Excel sorts. If you have a single cell selected, Excel extends the selection to select a range (much like pressing Ctrl+Shift+8) bounded by one or more blank columns and rows. It then examines the first row in the selected range to determine if it contains header information or not.

This is where sorting with the toolbar tools can become tricky—your header (assuming you have one) must meet some rather strict guidelines in order for Excel to recognize it as a header. For instance, if there are any blank cells in the header row, Excel may think it isn't a header. Likewise, if the header row is formatted the same as the other rows in the data range, then it may not recognize it. As well, if your data table consists entirely of text and your header row contains nothing but text, Excel will—virtually all the time—fail to recognize the header row. (The row looks just like another data row to Excel.)

Only after selecting the range and determining if there is a header row will Excel do the actual sorting. How pleased you are with the results depends on whether Excel got both the range selection and the header row determination right. For instance, if Excel doesn't think you have a header row, and you do, then your header is sorted into the body of the data; this is generally a bad thing.

To make sure that your data range is recognized correctly, use the Ctrl+Shift+8 shortcut to see what Excel selects; this is what will be sorted. If it doesn't match your expectations, then you need to either modify the character of the data in your table, or you need to select the data range before using the Sort dialog box.

To make sure that your heading is recognized correctly, use the Ctrl+Shift+8 shortcut to select the data range, then look at the first row. If your header has blank cells among those selected in the first row, or the first row is formatted just like the second row, or you have more than one header row selected, then Excel assumes you have no header row at all. To correct this, make changes in your header row to make sure it is recognized properly by Excel.

Finally, all bets could be off if your data table uses multi-row headers. Excel has a hard time recognizing them. You compound the problem when you expect it to include blank rows in that header; it just can't do it automatically. You can, however, simply select all the rows you want to sort before doing the sort. In other words, be specific in what you want Excel to sort; don't let Excel make the assumptions for you.

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (2586) applies to Microsoft Excel 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. You can find a version of this tip for the ribbon interface of Excel (Excel 2007 and later) here: Recognizing a Header Row when Sorting.

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Comments for this tip:

Dan    27 Oct 2014, 01:19
I assume the "no real solution" comment was something like "how can you force Excel to recognize that my header exists?" *I* do that by inserting a blank row between the bottom of my header and the rows that contain the data I'm sorting. Excel will always hit the blank and stop, unless you selected through the blank into the header.
BruceL    24 Sep 2014, 05:22
You didn't find an answer to your exact problem so you chose to criticise the person who went to the effort of preparing fairly comprehensive general help on the subject? You need to be a bit less ungrateful.
Katie    23 Sep 2014, 11:42
You really need to organize your information better. This took way to long to read through, only to find out you offer no real solution.
Paula    29 Aug 2014, 12:00
I am sorting one column by alphabetizing names. That part is done. Now I'd like to total the amounts in an adjacent column for each name. How do I do that?
newp    29 Aug 2014, 10:51
gffsdg, you just got served!!
awyatt    09 Jul 2014, 16:52
It displays after 45 seconds. It is not selling anything, but offering you a chance to subscribe to the free weekly ExcelTips newsletter.

If you don't want to, fine. Just close the window and, if you have cookies enabled on your system, you won't see the subscription offer again for six months.

Of course, all this is explained in that window, in a bit more detail.

-Allen
gffsdg    09 Jul 2014, 16:43
What's with the annoying pop-up message that appears after a few seconds? I am extra unlikely to buy any product offered in a pop-up message?

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